By Dr. Solmaz Rezaei
Head of research and consulting department
In today’s world, the notion of a developed city without an urban rail transport system is unimaginable. This form of public transportation accounts for 10% of urban transport in short term, 35% in the medium term and 50% in the long term. Today, Subway has caused many changes in the everyday lives of citizens, and in addition to creating a space for the formation of social relations and interactions of citizens, illustrates cities in smaller dimensions than they are. According to Shatzky, human behavior is rhythmic and in some way a result of space and time, and since subway has changed the understanding of human beings from urban space and trip time, it will have a direct effect on citizenship behaviors. Therefore, it is important to consider technical and operational studies in line with social realities for any design and action in the field of transport infrastructure, especially in the subway sector. Meanwhile, station spaces play an important role in the social interaction of individuals and urban life. One of the most important roles that are important in designing these urban spaces is their socialization, and there are different attitudes in this regard. From a humane perspective, functional studies at subway stations are not sufficient and understanding the context of social relationships is important as a phase for social awareness, personal development and information exchange. According to a survey, form factors and elements, geometry and space are involved in the rate of social interactions of individuals at subway stations, such as: provided services, advertisements, motifs and shapes designed at the station spaces, the presence of stimulating furniture, shape, height, space, color, texture of materials etc. In fact, subway station is a public space in the city that, in addition to providing urban trips, connects individuals and citizens to the urban environment. Therefore, the existence of public spaces with social attributes is a complement to the socialization of individuals, which can enhance the spirit of solidarity and improve the appropriate behavioral patterns.
From the technical point of view, the subway station, terrain and monuments around the station are called “station complexes”. These urban spaces seize spatial relationships in their favor. For example, the urban identity of many regions of Tehran are in great correlation with these station complexes, and the addresses exchanged among people are based on the nearest stations, and also economically, they have a great impact on the property pricing of their surrounding areas. Station complexes are not just passage spaces, but a place for the presence of citizens, in which establishment of attractive applications provides special facilities that can be effective in reducing many urban issues. The existence of such a deployment and concentration will liberate the land around public transport corridors, adjust user proportions, provide opportunities for open and green urban spaces, and promote environmental performance. Today, in the world’s densely populated cities, subway station complexes are seen as an appropriate space and an opportunity for comprehensive urban management, with the principled planning to make shopping centers, government offices, recreational facilities accessible for travelers. More precisely, subway station complexes, in addition to being the core of a vast transportation network, have added value to the city and are regarded as an economic and social destination for citizens.