By Dr. Solmaz Rezaei
Head of research and consulting department
Security can be considered from a variety of aspects. In other words, security has a physical aspect, which is measurable based on the incidence rate of crimes, and also has a psychological aspect, which is the process of creating a sense of mental security. Obviously, if all aspects of security in urban public spaces are realized, citizens will be more dynamic and more active in social activities. One of the characteristics of the design of urban spaces is that it can inspire security in the citizen. Though in order to ensure the security of a city, it is necessary to pay attention to the economic, social and cultural aspects, but it is an urban environment that provides a place for creating a sense of peace and security in the community. Because, as much as crime perpetuates security, the unprofessional and stressful design of urban spaces can play a role in the incidence of insecurity and the occurrence of abusive actions in the community. In contrast, as the objective components of security can provide society comfort, realization of the areas of psychological security can bring about the efficiency and desirability of space, vitality, and ultimately the growth of many desirable characteristics of life in urban society. Meanwhile, the urban landscape as the first place of human communication with the environment is an important factor in increasing or decreasing the sense of security.
Based on the new foundations of urban planning and design, space has been a factor in the emergence of particular behaviors by individuals, and therefore, urban experts are trying to reduce the basis for crime occurrence through the design of urban areas. In other words, along with examining strategies for reducing crime in the objective aspect of security, ways to increase the sense of security are followed by observing these principles.
According to novel urban planning approaches, the lack of basic urban development, presence of visual, audio, and other such anomalies, will cause disturbances and induce insecurity in individuals. One of these physical abnormalities includes unnecessary fences and sleddings in public places disturbing the utility of space and the general public perception of urban spaces. Creating fences and walls in public places is the easiest way to secure a public space, but also a psychologically costly measure for residents of the city. The optimal use of public places for community members is among citizenship rights initiatives. Today, these are the new technologies that must bring security to the city and the urban spaces, and the strategies that reduce the extent of public perception and the induction of insecurity are obsolete. Even on many occasions, the cost of constructing such obstacles, as well as the costs associated with it, such as coloring and visual beautification, is far more efficient than the cost of security equipment.
The urban landscape is the privacy of citizens. Security should not become an excuse to disrupt the basic rights of people which includes mental health in everyday life. Officials and managers should pay attention to this, but there is a big difference between a security space and a secure space. It is the law that provides the framework for creating a secure environment and rules for public safety, while the security environment sometimes ignores the law, forcing psychological cost and tension to the community. It should be noted that in today’s world, security is not provided by a fence and a wall, but becomes meaningful along with the law.